When Camels Roamed North America

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  • Published on: 20 November 2018
  • Camels are famous for adaptations that have allowed them to flourish where most other large mammals would perish. But their story begins over 40 million years ago in North America, and in an environment you’d never expect: a rainforest.  

    Special thanks to Julio Lacerda, WillemSvdMerwe, and Ryan Somma for allowing us to use their images in this episode!

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios

    Super special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible:

    Katie Fichtner, Aldo Espinosa Zúñiga, Anthony Callaghan, Esmeralda Rupp-Spangle, Gregory Donovan, Ehit Dinesh Agarwal, الخليفي سلطان, Gabriel Cortez, Marcus Lejon, Anel Salas, Robert Arévalo, Robert Hill, Kelby Reid, Todd Dittman, Betsy Radley, PS, Colin Sylvester, Philip Slingerland, John Vanek, Jose Garcia, Noah offitzer, Eric Vonk, Tony Wamsley, Henrik Peteri, Jonathan Wright, Jon Monteiro, James Bording, Brad Nicholls, Miles Chaston, Michael McClellan, Jeff Graham, Maria Humphrey, Nathan Paskett, Connor Jensen, Sapjes, Daisuke Goto, Hubert Rady, Yuntao Zhou, Gregory Kintz, Tyson Cleary, Chandler Bass, Maly Lor, Joao Ascensao, Tsee Lee, Sarah Fritts, Ruben Winter, Ron Harvey Jr, Jacob Gerke, Alex Yan

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    References:
    https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/1304168.pdf
    https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/1979
    https://books.google.com/books?id=I-RgojcDyWYC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=camel&f=false
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2052.2008.01848.x
    https://www.jstor.org/stable/4524199
    https://books.google.com/books?id=DWtCw6-AxA8C&pg=PA136&lpg=PA136&dq=camel&source=bl&ots=gUrNWj3psO&sig=YpvjEov5zpTUcSbrZFfDkoTrhFo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj_5siqvJreAhVMIDQIHSkpCaEQ6AEwC3oECAQQAQ#v=onepage&q=camel&f=false
    https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=NGFaAAAAYAAJ&hl=en&pg=GBS.PA110
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/003101827990141X
    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12052-009-0136-1
    https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms2516.pdf
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018210003202
    https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/966f/07eaaa19190b2a5db86657bfb00764d8c463.pdf#page=76
    http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/early/2015/03/18/1420650112.full.pdf
    https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=42514&is_real_user=1
  • Runtime : 10:12
  • dinosaurs dinos paleo paleontology scishow eons pbs pbs digital studios hank green john green complexly fossils natural history Australia camels outback Protylopus rainforests artiodactyl Tylopoda camel humps cushion feet hooves Poebrotherium grasslands desert the Camelid Explosion Camelinae Aepycamelus pacing gait Megatylopus Paracamelus Camelus Ellesmere Island padded feet Hemiauchenia llama guanacos vicugna Camelops

COMMENTS: 40

  • PBS Eons
    PBS Eons   1 years ago

    Hey, I want to clarify what we say about bactrian camels around 7:35. There are two different species of bactrians -- the so-called "wild bactrians" (camelus ferus), and "domestic bactrians" (camelus bactrianus). "Domestic bactrians" are descended from a species that is now extinct in the wild, and they are distinct from what we now called "wild bactrians". And the ancestor of domestic bactrians and what we call "wild bactrians" diverged 700,000 years ago, according to DNA evidence. So, they diverged BEFORE camelus bactrianus was ever domesticated. Domestication didn’t CAUSE the speciation, which is how some viewers were hearing what I said. I hope this clears things up. Sorry for the confusion! (BdeP)

  • Christy Brandt
    Christy Brandt   14 hours ago

    The camel next to the host.. That's one big boy 😱

  • Hector Hernandez
    Hector Hernandez   6 days ago

    Your channel gets me through my job while entertained, thanks guys (:

  • Charles French
    Charles French   6 days ago

    Still waiting on the origins of squid... Love everything y'all are doing

  • Daqid Tha Kidd
    Daqid Tha Kidd   2 weeks ago

    Why the hell do we know such a detailed history of camel expansion

  • Sterling Marsh
    Sterling Marsh   2 weeks ago

    A history of sea serpents would be great!!! 😁😁😁

  • Judith Aldridge
    Judith Aldridge   2 weeks ago

    It is amazing that today there are more wild camels living in Australia than any other country in the world.

  • Rachel Campbell
    Rachel Campbell   2 weeks ago

    idk that there are a million camels in australia anymore...

  • Filthy Greedy YouTube Executive

    The bad thing about keeping your wisdom teeth is that peanut crumbs always get stuck behind them when you eat a snickers

  • MikyAngel347
    MikyAngel347   3 weeks ago

    4:56 I litterally had to watch the pacing gait clip like 10 times to actually see the silhouette doing what he explained. Did they use this optical illusion on purpose? 😂

  • Willa Wolfe
    Willa Wolfe   3 weeks ago

    I think I missed something. How did Camels go from eating leafy greens to thriving in deserts?

  • Brian Gandy
    Brian Gandy   4 weeks ago

    I wish I could like this video twice or more!!

  • [CDB]Sergent Malarki
    [CDB]Sergent Malarki   1 months ago

    Awesome video but could you please talk a less faster because i'm french and even if i'm good, sometimes i can't hear you clearly.

  • SUMMER Blue
    SUMMER Blue   1 months ago

    Hey PBS eon not sure when this was posted vs when this TED Talk was posted but i beieve it is a relevent update because we are always learning ...i hope..

  • 5674 82
    5674 82   1 months ago

    Hey Daddy. mmhmm. 😉

  • Anarchy Antz
    Anarchy Antz   1 months ago

    The Camelid explosion....I genuinely laughed at that.

  • Eddy Maldonado
    Eddy Maldonado   1 months ago

    I'm sad all the big cool animals have gone extinct

  • Nicki nurse
    Nicki nurse   1 months ago

    You made it sound like horses were in North America before people.....that's not right....correct? thx for these great vids....though I have to listen to you at .75 speed to catch all that youre saying :)

  • Eric Alviter
    Eric Alviter   1 months ago

    Is it me, or does the opening music sound vaguely similar to the opening notes of the Jurassic Park theme? It would make sense. Fits well with extinct animals.🦕https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=D8zlUUrFK-M

  • J A
    J A   1 months ago

    I just love this channel :)

  • Vea Pfirter
    Vea Pfirter   1 months ago

    "Mega Tay. Lopez" I didn't know that they were mexican.

  • Zato Zatoichi
    Zato Zatoichi   1 months ago

    I want an interview with STEVE already. : D

  • Bow Hunter
    Bow Hunter   2 months ago

    This guy talks with T-Rex hands....

  • Alex
    Alex   2 months ago

    i bet humans killed off the last camels in america. they kill off everything and make the earth worse

  • Bik J
    Bik J   2 months ago

    Hey (minute 9:09) wasn't horses first introduced in north america by the Spanish? That is why there isn't any native american horse imagery in any old totems?

  • parv
    parv   2 months ago

    Do you not have enough distance between yourself & the camera that you would have to tuck in the elbows while gesturing?

  • That Canadian Guy
    That Canadian Guy   2 months ago

    I remember going to a petting zoo in Nova Scotia Canada. They had a couple of camels. One was huge and it was a single hump. And he was bizarrely very friendly. He wanted petted all the time.

  • Ali Mahjoori
    Ali Mahjoori   2 months ago

    8:35 correct pronounciation is "yama", but meh okay then

  • Alessio Leporati
    Alessio Leporati   2 months ago

    Arabic easily has 1000 words for Camel English only has one and that word originally came from Arabic in etymology.

  • xXxSkyViperxXx
    xXxSkyViperxXx   2 months ago

    camels, horses, and just about every pack animal started out in north america, yet when the native americans were roaming about and building empires and civilizations, they could not make use of them