When We Met Other Human Species

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  • Published on: 09 July 2019
  • We all belong to the only group of hominins on the planet today. But we weren’t always alone. 100,000 years ago, Eurasia was home to other hominin species, some of which we know our ancestors met, and spent some quality time with.

    Thanks to Julio Lacerda and Fabrizio de Rossi from Studio 252mya for their wonderful hominin illustrations. You can find more of their work here: https://252mya.com/

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios

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    References: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1h8iVAIugVPfxOcCZKeZxtZfa6mNP8V7xMhS_vxmDRl0/edit?usp=sharing
  • Runtime : 13:29
  • dinosaurs dinos paleo paleontology scishow eons pbs pbs digital studios hank green john green complexly fossils natural history Neanderthals Denisovans Eurasia DNA. East Asia Africa Siberia Homo sapiens STAT2 adaptive introgression Denisova Cave mitochondrial DNA Homo erectus Homo neanderthalensis modern humans

COMMENTS: 40

  • PBS Eons
    PBS Eons   1 weeks ago

    Some commenters have pointed out that calling Neanderthals and Denisovans “other hominin species” in this episode breaks the rules of the biological species concept (BSC), which says if two things can interbreed, then they’re the same species. Some paleoanthropologists would agree. They consider both Neanderthals and Denisovans to be subspecies of Homo sapiens, rather than separate species. Other experts would say that Neanderthals have a set of features that make them clearly distinguishable from Homo sapiens, putting them outside the range of variation we include in our species. And we hardly know the Denisovans - like we said in the video, they don’t even have a scientific name yet.The incredible thing about this is that we can even think about applying the BSC to fossils at all. The BSC is a species concept based on living organisms, and it’s only been within the last two decades or so that we’ve had the ancient DNA and the technology to test hypotheses about interbreeding in extinct groups. And it’s not the only way to define a species, either, so it will likely be a while (if ever) before anthropologists decide whether we’re a different species, subspecies, or population from the Neanderthals and Denisovans.(Darcy Shapiro, PhD, script editor)

  • Oki Krisbianto
    Oki Krisbianto   4 hours ago

    I feel sad for them. I wish they were never extinct

  • Bakunawa BenHierro
    Bakunawa BenHierro   5 hours ago

    what if our ancestors called all the other homonids orcs and elves or some other tokien stuff.. lol :D

  • Koroi 117
    Koroi 117   11 hours ago

    I love YouTube. .. the universal Library for cyber humans

  • Locutus De Borg
    Locutus De Borg   16 hours ago

    Cro Magnons, Neanderthals, Denisovans, and Sub-Saharan Hominids. Even back then, races were still a thing people

  • Wilbur Mcbride
    Wilbur Mcbride   20 hours ago

    Neanderthals didn't just go extinct but was genocide off by the Cro-magnum. The evil side of our human nature.

  • jack jones
    jack jones   1 days ago

    there are 13 different species living on the earth right now we are the most populous.

  • Donald Trump
    Donald Trump   1 days ago

    We were the stupid one left out by annunaki

  • Sammy Lee
    Sammy Lee   1 days ago

    And that's why Eastern Europeans keep winning worlds strongest man cos of Neanderthal gene

  • nightlightabcd
    nightlightabcd   1 days ago

    Resistance is futile! We will absorb your technology and DNA into that of our own! Yes, we used to think that we hunted you all down and killed you all to extinction, but now we think that we were your friends and relatives and you all died out own your own and we alone are left to carry on your legacy!!

  • Couscous Guy
    Couscous Guy   1 days ago

    I wish i could've clapped some neanderthal cheeks.

  • Kasia
    Kasia   1 days ago

    Actually, there exist many archeological sites with findings of bones of mass-murdered people of all sexes and ages, who were clearly killed with a use of human-made weapon, so I believe that if Homo Sapiens Sapiens were able to do that to each other (even long after the Neanderthals went extinct), than I supposed they would be just as able to do that to any other hominids.

  • Chip Walter
    Chip Walter   1 days ago

    Despite all evidence of human behavior throughout history, we're asked to consider the proposal that humans who would've been in direct competition with (other tribes of humans as well as) Neanderthals and Denisovans DIDN'T actively wipe out those less adapted species.It's a cute flight-of-fancy but very contrary to all historical precedent.

  • Donnie Fermor
    Donnie Fermor   2 days ago

    You don't say anything about Australian Aboriginal brain Less

  • Bernardo Puppin
    Bernardo Puppin   2 days ago

    Is it weird that I miss the Neanderthals like an old friend that said goodbye?

  • Richard Deese
    Richard Deese   2 days ago

    Thanks! Although I know there's no evidence for it - or against it, I can't help but seriously wonder if there was some bit of nastiness that led to us being the dominant hominin. I certainly wouldn't put it past us, knowing modern history. 𝓡𝓲𝓴𝓴𝓲 𝓣𝓲𝓴𝓴𝓲.

  • freddie naputi
    freddie naputi   2 days ago

    This brings new meaning to "It's a small world after all."

  • Jennifer Lopez
    Jennifer Lopez   2 days ago

    So we only survived because we wouldnt control our peepees.

  • Jack Carter
    Jack Carter   2 days ago

    I live in the multicultural Western world, I meet other hominid species everyday lol.

  • Mar B.
    Mar B.   2 days ago

    everybody say thank you neanderthals

  • Mar B.
    Mar B.   2 days ago

    that man bun tho chefs kiss

  • Trange Frui
    Trange Frui   3 days ago

    Neanderthal and Denisovian DNA explains why non-african humans are so much smarter than african humans

  • Name Last Name
    Name Last Name   3 days ago

    mmm.. neanderthals... we obviously used them as slaves.

  • puttputt524
    puttputt524   3 days ago

    Yeah I know you were looking at Neanderthal shawty.

  • Pandorasoul
    Pandorasoul   3 days ago

    If people from eurasia have such a different DNA content and origin from sub Sahara africans, would not that mean that they are a different species? Or variations of sub species?

  • Bradknightable
    Bradknightable   3 days ago

    If the purpose of life is to pass on genes to the next generation all the other hominids were successful.

  • Sean Russell
    Sean Russell   3 days ago

    So we don't know what sub species of hominid sub Saharan Africans had dalliances with? But Europeans were oh look, the lady has some fine thick brow ridges. Imma get me a piece of that... Sounds about right.

  • Adrastos O
    Adrastos O   3 days ago

    It makes sense the Neanderthal genes are still in many people, I have actually met people that have features similar such as big brow ridges.....