When We First Made Tools

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  • Published on: 26 March 2019
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    The tools made by our human ancestors may not seem like much when you compare them to the screen you’re looking at right now but their creation represents a pivotal moment in the origin of technology and in the evolution of our lineage.

    Thanks to Fabrizio De Rossi, Julio Lacerda and everyone else at Studio 252mya for their excellent hominin illustrations. You can find more of their work here: https://252mya.com/

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios

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    References:
    http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-erectus
    http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-heidelbergensis
    https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/evidence-for-meat-eating-by-early-humans-103874273
    https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/a-primer-on-paleolithic-technology-83034489
    https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/homo-erectus-a-bigger-smarter-97879043
    https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05696-8
    https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/oldest-known-stone-tools-unearthed-kenya-180955341/
    https://anthromuseum.missouri.edu/exhibit/oldowan-and-acheulean-stone-tools
    De Heinzelin, J., Clark, J. D., White, T., Hart, W., Renne, P., WoldeGabriel, G., ... & Vrba, E. (1999). Environment and behavior of 2.5-million-year-old Bouri hominids. Science, 284(5414), 625-629.
    Ferraro, J. V., Plummer, T. W., Pobiner, B. L., Oliver, J. S., Bishop, L. C., Braun, D. R., ... & Hertel, F. (2013). Earliest archaeological evidence of persistent hominin carnivory. PloS one, 8(4), e62174.
    Gabunia, L., Antón, S. C., Lordkipanidze, D., Vekua, A., Justus, A., & Swisher III, C. C. (2001). Dmanisi and dispersal. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews: Issues, News, and Reviews, 10(5), 158-170.
    Harmand, S., Lewis, J. E., Feibel, C. S., Lepre, C. J., Prat, S., Lenoble, A., ... & Taylor, N. (2015). 3.3-million-year-old stone tools from Lomekwi 3, West Turkana, Kenya. Nature, 521(7552), 310.
    Kappelman, J. (2018). An early hominin arrival in Asia. Nature, 480.
    Scott, G. R., & Gibert, L. (2009). The oldest hand-axes in Europe. Nature, 461(7260), 82.
    Stout, D., Toth, N., Schick, K., & Chaminade, T. (2008). Neural correlates of Early Stone Age toolmaking: technology, language and cognition in human evolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 363(1499), 1939-1949.
    Tuffreau, A., Lamotte, A., & Marcy, J. L. (1997). Land-use and site function in Acheulean complexes of the Somme Valley. World Archaeology, 29(2), 225-241.
    Williams-Hatala, E. M., Hatala, K. G., Gordon, M., Key, A., Kasper, M., & Kivell, T. L. (2018). The manual pressures of stone tool behaviors and their implications for the evolution of the human hand. Journal of human evolution, 119, 14-26.
    Zhu, Z., Dennell, R., Huang, W., Wu, Y., Qiu, S., Yang, S., ... & Ouyang, T. (2018). Hominin occupation of the Chinese Loess Plateau since about 2.1 million years ago. Nature, 559(7715), 608.
  • Runtime : 10:10
  • dinosaurs dinos paleo paleontology scishow eons pbs pbs digital studios hank green john green complexly fossils natural history Middle Awash Valley Ethiopia human ancestors tools stone tools Oldowan tools Lomekwian tools australopithecines Bouri Kanjera South brains Homo erectus Acheulean toolkit hand-axe Dmanisi anthropology hominins

COMMENTS: 40

  • H K
    H K   4 hours ago

    Fortunately, the monolith appeared when needed

  • Joel M
    Joel M   1 weeks ago

    But my pastor said the earth is 5000 years old🤪🤪🤪🤪

  • bokura kyo mo ikiteru

    awesome... and one day Smithsonian will enforce this telling you these tools were used to build pyramid. XD

  • adventureike
    adventureike   1 weeks ago

    Primitive Technology has entered the chat.Primitive Technology: ". "

  • Scott Campbell
    Scott Campbell   2 weeks ago

    Great looking lady. Well spoken and bright. Makes these videos even better.

  • Paul pothecary
    Paul pothecary   2 weeks ago

    Who were the first hominids to cook their food and what difference did it make?

  • Papageno
    Papageno   2 weeks ago

    "When We First Made Art", please.

  • Dayron Gomez
    Dayron Gomez   2 weeks ago

    Bru this vid popped up in my recommended will I was doing my wh homework about the paliolithic age

  • The FPV Life
    The FPV Life   2 weeks ago

    Absurd episode because many animals use tools so how can we determine when a hominid first used tools.

  • Cody Eakle
    Cody Eakle   3 weeks ago

    Incredible! We find a chipped rock and immediately know it came from an intelligent being. We discover something like DNA and immediately dream up a theory of how it popped into existence all by itself.

  • Dicky Liu
    Dicky Liu   3 weeks ago

    100000 years in the future they dig up an Iphone and thinks the same about it as we think about the rocks of our ancestors. Those rocks were high tech back then. It might be the Rock 11 Pro Max!

  • King Kash
    King Kash   3 weeks ago

    It’s funny to think that if our ancestors didn’t use stone tools, us Homo sapiens wouldn’t have existed

  • Terncote
    Terncote   4 weeks ago

    We need to remember the importance of fire in this stone age enlightenment. Not only did it provide safety and allow early humans to extend our range, cooked food returns more carbohydrate calories and is easier to chew. This means the jaw can become smaller and skull can grow larger.

  • phiddle phart
    phiddle phart   1 months ago

    The first cutting too was found by a barefoot hominid nearly slicing his foot off while traversing a rocky area. 💡He said Hey! If it can cut my foot like this then it can......, A cutting implement is born

  • itsasin1969
    itsasin1969   1 months ago

    I have an Oldowan. It's been confirmed. Picked it up off the ground in Africa.

  • WOTHAN66666
    WOTHAN66666   1 months ago

    Chance says that finding that, it was common back then. So Tools must be older.

  • Nick Feness
    Nick Feness   1 months ago

    The fact we can tell whether people smashed two rocks together with their hands or smashed one into the ground millions of years ago blows my mind

  • KKuurus
    KKuurus   1 months ago

    Or they may have been natural cracking of the rocks. Oh and dating of stone is done by looking at what is in or around them.

  • Ronald Kennedy
    Ronald Kennedy   1 months ago

    Maybe redefine tool:permanently modify some part of the environment to suit their needs.um...wasp nest,beaver damn,ant hill?I'm not arguing that ants use tools.only that building an anthill does fit that definition.just sayin...

  • Rex90Pawprint
    Rex90Pawprint   1 months ago

    This is something I actually find really interesting as earlier this year, I had to do a school presentation on this.

  • David Bordayo
    David Bordayo   1 months ago

    The first tool used was the First hand Flesh-Light ! 😂

  • Richard Deese
    Richard Deese   1 months ago

    Thanks! Believe me, I'm one of those who is quite impressed by our ancestors' abilities to make & use tools! Such things as obsidian flake knives take extreme patience & deep skills, which would have to have been passed on from parent to child. That's almost certainly one of the very first such skills (along with making fire & things like stone spear points & arrow heads) that became the basis for the apprenticeship & guilds of later *eons*. ;) Particularly in the case of glass-like stones, they may have even traded for them between near tribes; another basis of later societies. All these things signaled the Rise of the Planet of the Hominins! 𝓡𝓲𝓴𝓴𝓲 𝓣𝓲𝓴𝓴𝓲.

  • Akani Godi
    Akani Godi   2 months ago

    What kind of map is the one shown in 04:00? Is it showing median elevation or something else

  • Call Me Perseverer1
    Call Me Perseverer1   2 months ago

    Human: makes stone toolsAdvancement Made!: Stone Age Many years laterHuman: Plays Minecraft, Also Human: When have I learned this before?

  • Robert Griffin
    Robert Griffin   2 months ago

    It was the Iodine found in fish that was necessary for our greater brain growth .

  • Adam Sanders
    Adam Sanders   2 months ago

    Damn. We've been looking for tools in oldowan places.

  • John Dee
    John Dee   2 months ago

    Man shapes rock.Rock shapes man.

  • Stan TheObserver
    Stan TheObserver   2 months ago

    Actually,the first weapon and the first jump in mankind evolution...was the ability to make a fist. How we killed off the more ape like hominids.

  • Hillary Clintub
    Hillary Clintub   2 months ago

    Excellent! The invention of weapons like this was an important step in the evolution of humans. It made us more competitive with other animals with better biological weapons such as fangs, horns and claws. Without our weapons, we're extremely vulnerable to better natural predators.

  • David Howells
    David Howells   2 months ago

    The time when stone tools were cutting edge technology.

  • Quentin ALEXANDRE
    Quentin ALEXANDRE   2 months ago

    What is the name of the music used as background, so calming and soothing!

  • Hailey Yang
    Hailey Yang   2 months ago

    how do you know they’re not just rocks 😂

  • BioChemoPhysio Science
    BioChemoPhysio Science   2 months ago

    Why does brain evolution follow the Leannean system, while everything else follows the Darwinian system?

  • jose juarez
    jose juarez   2 months ago

    We wuz the ancient Chinese n shhhhhiiiieeeettttt

  • fishy paw
    fishy paw   2 months ago

    “We'll be saying a big hello to all intelligent lifeforms everywhere and to everyone else out there, the secret is to bang the rocks together, guys.”

  • Stones and Bones
    Stones and Bones   2 months ago

    We find these kinds of tools in Montana. Very large ones & teeny tiny ones. We are much older than we can even wrap our brains around. We've started over from scratch many times. Truly pinpointing dates before the last ice age is nearly impossible.Finding tools in the Americas that match 60,000 year old tools from Africa is what really opened my eyes to the ignorance.A lot of Natives live in Montana. Some haven't muddled up their dna. It's interesting and easy to tell whose ancestors walked in from from what direction. Some of the natives in the US west are of African descent.